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Derevianko А.

National Technical University of Ukraine «Kyiv Polytechnic Institute», Kyiv, Ukraine.
PhD student, Department of Philosophy

e-mail: kaktys_net@mail.ru

 

Methodological aspects of defining «Arab spring» as a revolutionary wave

P. 36-42.

Bibl.: 17 ref.

Abstract: The article examines methodological aspects of defining «Arab Spring» as a revolutionary wave. Its relevance is defined by topical events in the Middle East today. The ambiguity of opinions on «Arab Spring» and effects it caused require more detailed analysis of revolutionary wave in African countries and scientifically justified methods for its generalization.

Some researchers believe that events in countries of North Africa cannot be called revolutions. According to them «Arab Spring» should be considered as a wave of socio-political upheavals. In return some authors claim the events of «Arab Spring» were developing precisely like revolutions and consider their opponents’ definition of «revolution» narrow and obsolete.

The wave of social protests that rose in these countries was a result of a period of certain evolutionary changes that reached the point of quantity turning into quality. Those changes led to transformations, which were not properly completed and as a result were halted, canned or converted to war or subsequent reaction. A revolution is impossible to start in one day, it embodies years of preceding development processes and itself takes continuous amount of time. Thus, revolution is a process that can be independent from its stated duration.

Revolution – as an inherent denial of evolution that precedes it and gradually accumulates certain changes that prepare the interruption of gradualness – often succumbs to the disruption from different processes and outer forces that are caused by cumulative movement. Revolutionary interruptions of movement are not isolated, hermetically sealed processes. During cumulative movement and interactions outer processes can intrude in the flow of revolution and therefore disrupt the logic of its formation, which means it will either self-destruct, remain unfinished, or perform not «in the raw» and become broken up because of outer forces’ unnecessary actions. This can cause zigzags, oscillations, rollbacks, deviations in the process of revolutionary development. But they also don’t change to nothing. The tendency, the direction in which the transformation was realized is kept in any way. On the contrary, the uncertainty of this state, its unfinished form indicates revolutionary nature of this period.

Turning to theoretical cognitive branch of philosophical categories in their general form and utilizing them in regards to specific situations can provide powerful methodological research base to the revolution phenomenon in general and social revolutions in particular.

Keywords: “Arab Spring”; revolution; social revolution; sociopolitical upheavals; movement; development

Reference: Derevianko А. (2015). Methodological aspects of defining «Arab spring» as a revolutionary wave. Visnyk Of National Technical University Of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute". Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics, 2 (44), 36-42.


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