To the Content of Number 45                     To the Main Page

Kazakov M.

National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", Kyiv, Ukraine.
PhD Competitor

e-mail: mstkazakov@gmail.com

 

SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: HOW APPLIED RESEARCHES AND FORMAL DEMANDS CONTRIBUTE TO PSEUDOSCIENCE

Abstract: The article deals with the relationships between moderns science and society. It is proved that applied researches displace the fundamental ones, leading to imbalance in the field of scientific knowledge. The side result of science commercialization and its dependence on governmental and private funding, as well as the scientists’ loss of understanding of the essence of scientific research, the values and goals, becomes wide spreading (in today’s society) of the different kinds of pseudoscientific ideas, that are oriented not on an objective knowledge, but only on getting the financial profit (which is possessed by the author of such an idea). The problem of insufficient funding of Ukrainian science and its consequences are revisited as well. The most serious consequences, to author, are the following: the contribution to pseudoscientific practices, and, in some cases, - the assistance to private business in prejudice of scientific researches.

The paper also deals with the methods and strategies, which are used by the representatives of pseudoscience to influence on human’s common sense, as well as presuppositions and special features of common sense that make such an influence possible. The result of such an influence becomes stable and permanent reproduction of different types of pseudoscientific theories and practices in modern society. Aside from the common sense, pseudoscientific ideas are also being adopted nationwide (on the level of government). The consequences of it are also revisited in the paper (first of all, the case of adoption of medical program of so-called “AIDS dissidents” by the SAR government). In addition, to author’s mind, even in the countries with high level of scientific funding (as it can be seen, e.g., in USA or Israel), the threat of commercialization and the obedience of scientific truths to financial profits, the struggle for the scientific resources, as well as falsification of the scientific activity, are still present.

Keywords: pseudoscience; science; axiology of science; sociology of science; research funding; applied science; fundamental researches

References:
Accreditation committee is planning the inspection of 45 universities. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.mon.gov.ua/usi-novivni/novini/2015/04/06/akreditaczijna-komisiya-doruchila-provesti-perevirku-45-vishhix-navchalnix-zakladiv/ (In Ukrainian).
Goldacre, B. (2010). Bad science. Moscow: Eksmo (In Russian).
Gorokhov, V.G. (2006). Interdisciplinary researches of scientific and technological development and innovational policy. Voprosyi filosofii, 4, 80-96 (In Russian).
State statistics service of Ukraine. Retrieved from http://ukrstat.gov.ua/ (In Ukrainian).
State fund of fundamental researches. Retrieved from http://www.dffd.gov.ua/ (In Ukrainian).
The interview with Borys Evgeniyovych Paton, President of Ukrainian academy of sciences (2015, April 10). Golos Ukraini. Retrieved from http://www.nas.gov.ua/UA/news/Pages/contents.aspx?ffn1=ID&fft1=Eq&ffv1=2307 (In Ukrainian).
Informational materials for the meeting on the issue: “On level and judicial supplement of scientific and technological activity” (2015). Retrieved from http://kno.rada.gov.ua/komosviti/doccatalog/document?id=54892 (In Ukrainian).
Naydyish V.M., Gnatik E.N., Danilov V.N. and others (2008). Science and quasi-science. Moscow: Alfa-M (In Russian).
On the evaluation and rating qualification of scientific and pedagogical departments’ employees. Retrieved from http://www.vnz.univ.kiev.ua/files/upload/Kadrova%20politikaPOLOJENNYa%20PRO%20REITING%20VIKLADACh-V.pdf (In Ukrainian).
Pronskih V.N. (2015) Epistemic discordance in megascience and approaches to its overcoming. Epistemology and philosophy of science, 1, 207-223 (In Russian).
Relativism as sickness of modern philosophy (2015). ed. by V.A. Lektorskiy. Moscow: «Kanon» ROOI «Reabilitatsiya» (In Russian).
Stepin, V.S. (2015). Philosophy and methodology of science. Moscow: Akademicheskiy proekt; Alma Mater (In Russian).
Tulchinska, S.O., Melnichenko, A.A. and Akimova, O.A. (2012). Educational and scientific management as a factor of sustainable development of state and regions. Kyiv: VP «Edelveys» (In Ukrainian).
Ukrainian academy of sciences administration. Retrieved from http://www.usnan.org.ua/ua/konkurs.html (In Ukrainian).
Battelle R&D Magazine Annual Global Funding Forecast Predicts R&D Spending Growth will Continue While Globalization Accelerates. Retrieved from http://www.battelle.org/media/press-releases/battelle-r-d-magazine-annual-global-funding-forecast-predicts-r-d-spending-growth-will-continue-while-globalization-accelerates
Calvert, J. (2006). What’s special about basic research? Retrieved from http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/students/envs_5100/calvert_2006_2.pdf.

How to cite item: Kazakov M. (2015). Science and society: how applied researches and formal demands contribute to pseudoscience. Visnyk Of National Technical University Of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute". Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics, 3 (45), 11-21.


PDF (in Ukrainian)