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Nikolova N.

National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", Kyiv, Ukraine.
Teacher, Department of Philosophy

e-mail: nikolovanatalia@ukr.net

 

THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF SEMIOTICAL STUDY OF HISTORY

Abstract: The author of the paper has made an attempt to point out the basic principles of semiotic studying of cultural-historical dynamics. It is emphasized that semiotic approach definitely fits the interpretation of history, for it has to be used when the scientific cognition focuses on processes, objects and phenomena which are treated differently and cannot be interpreted adequately from “homogeneous” points of view.

The concrete objective of the paper corresponds to its aim and consists in an attempt to illustrate some of the basic principles by historical facts. A list of problems treated in the paper is considered: the view of history not only as semiotic, but also as a communicative system; the necessity of defining the basic semiotic unity of history; defining of the set of paradigms and syntagms of the cultural-historical process; demonstration of the fact of code plurality both in comprehension of the semiotic structure of historical epoch in terms of the minimal significant unity of history (cosmoarcheological and system codes) and within interpretation of the essential of polylinearity syntagm (geoclimatic, cosmoarcheological and system codes).

In the conclusions it is emphasized that the use of semiotic analysis as a deductive method of study facilitates treating of cultural-historical process as complicated phenomenon as well as polylinear process. It is found out that the use of the term of semiotic code is able to provide the understanding of causes of that polylinearity; the defining of the historical epoch as a basic semantic unity of history opens an opportunity to understand the principle of dividing the cultural-historical process into the separate vectors of development. Moreover, it is underlined that the semiotic approach in the study of history chosen (and defining of its paradigms and syntagms in particular) allows to realize an adequate interpretation of the cultural-historical dynamics, for it previews the construction of the complex and integral image of the historical process being a result of involving data of both humanitarian and non-humanitarian science.

Keywords: historical semiotics; communicative system; historical epoch; Peterson’s cycle; code plurality; paradigms and syntagms of history; polylinearity

References:
El'mslev, Lui. (2006). Prolegomena to a theory of language. Moscow : KomKniga (In Russian).
Lotman, Ju. M. (2004). The sphere of semiotics. Saint-Petersburg : Iskusstvo-SPB (In Russian).
Pochepcov, G. G. (2002). The semiotics. Moscow : Refl-buk, Kyiv : Vakler (In Russian).
Uspenskij, B. A. (2002). Essays on russian history. Saint-Petersburg : Azbuka (In Russian).
Chmykhov. M. O. (1994). The ancient сulture. Kyiv : Lybid (In Ukrainian).
Chmykhov, M. O., Kravchenko, N. M., and Cherniakov, I.T. (1992). Archaeology and ancient history of Ukraine. Kyiv : Lybid (In Ukrainian).
Jakobson, R. (1960). Linguistics and Poetics. Style in Language. Cambridge, 350-377.

How to cite item: Nikolova N. (2015). The basic principles of semiotic study of history. Visnyk Of National Technical University Of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute". Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics, 3 (45), 22-29.


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